Using Computers for Intelligence
Computers are used by most of us for ‘intelligence’ in the sense that they can replace much of the work traditionally done by the human brain – and more. But new research is pointing to an advanced concept of intelligence.
Collective IntelligenceRather than individual computer or human intelligence, there is another kind of collective intelligence. It doesn’t refer to a group of people like you might think either. In this model of intelligence, collective intelligence is about a human who uses the expertise of many people through a computer.
Accessing More People and Better DataIf you think about a simple Internet search, you are able to access the collective intelligence of huge numbers of people. Even something as simple as Wikipedia is giving you the shared knowledge acquired by many people. With just one search, you can obtain the collective intelligence of millions of people.
Connecting People Through ComputersA new research organization has recently formed to support this approach to intelligence, with the aim to look at how people and computers connect to act with greater intelligence than ever before. It’s similar to the idea of distributed computing. When you take a complicated issue, it can be solved by millions of connected computers. Humans can also solve this kind of challenge.
Solving Problems With Collective IntelligenceFor instance, you may work on a problem in the office with a group of colleagues. Together, your collective intelligence helps to solve the problem. With computers added to the mix, however, you have the collective intelligence of more people. Statistically, you can get a better outcome.
We have already seen specialised websites cropping up where a group of ‘experts’ in a specific field drive the knowledge within that field. With collective intelligence involving computers, we can also have a group of very intelligent people combined with average or below-average intelligence.
A Smarter ResultDespite thinking this will translate to an average, with ‘smart’ computer applications, we may be able to filter the lower-intelligence information while promoting the higher-intelligence data. Think about how using several average computers can result in work at the supercomputer level. The end result of all of this collective intelligence is that we combine humans and computers for a better, more intelligent result
Where Computers May Not HelpResearch continues to be mixed on how brain training computer games can help an individual improve his or her intelligence. A recent study contests other evidence that suggests these games can help.
The study concluded that even though using a complex computer game helps you get better at the game with practice, there isn’t any evidence to show this helps you in daily tasks and everyday life.
Researchers recommend other activities such as exercise or taking up a new hobby as better for intelligence. In fact, they found that people who just surfed the Internet did as well as those who played the games.